Domestic violence statistics
Domestic violence costs £5.5bn a year in England, which comprises of:
- £1.6bn for physical and mental costs
- £1.2bn in criminal justice costs
- £268m in social services costs
- £185.7m in housing and refuge costs
- £366.7m in civil legal costs
- £1.8bn in lost economic output – why Orto Stella is so important to help redress this!
In addition to this, the human and emotional costs in England are estimated to be almost £26m per day.
This interestingly is based on the notion that people would pay something in order not to suffer the human and emotional costs of being injured, a report: Calculating the cost of Domestic Abuse, Professor Sylvia Walby
Thanks to the Trust for London and the Henry Smith Charity for the above statistics.
If only I had known about this.
So what is Clare’s Law?
Clare’s Law, or the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme – is named after Clare Wood who was brutally murdered 5 years ago by her former partner George Appleton, who had a record of violence against women.
Clare’s Law, or the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme, has two functions:
- ‘right to ask’ – this enables someone to ask the police about a partner’s previous history of domestic violence or violent acts. A precedent for such a scheme exists with the Child Sex Offender Disclosure Scheme; and
- ‘right to know’ – police can proactively disclose information in prescribed circumstances.
The Domestic Violence Protection Orders approach has two stages:
- Where the police have reasonable grounds for believing that a perpetrator has used or threatened violence towards the victim and the victim is at risk of future violent behaviour, they can issue a Domestic Violence Protection Notice on the spot, provided they have the authorisation of an officer at Superintendent rank.
- The magistrates’ court must then hear the case for the Protection Order itself – which is the second step – within 48 hours of the Notice being made. If granted, the Order may last between a minimum of 14 days and a maximum of 28 days. This strikes the right balance between immediate protection for the victim and judicial oversight.
‘Domestic abuse shatters lives – Clare’s Law provides people with the information they need to escape an abusive situation before it ends in tragedy.
Theresa May, Home Secretary (her position at the time of the quote)
The national scheme will ensure that more people can make informed decisions about their relationship and escape if necessary.
This is one of a raft of measures this government has introduced to keep women and girls safe. The systems in place are working better but sadly there are still too many cases where vulnerable people are let down. Today is an important step towards ensuring we do better by women like Clare Wood in the future’.
gov.uk: Domestic violence and abuse: new definition
The cross-government definition of domestic violence and abuse is:
Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The abuse can encompass, but is not limited to: